15 Essential Types of Embroidery Stitches You Should Learn Today

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Before you start with implementing complicated designs on fabric, you will need to know all about the basic and essential types of embroidery stitches.

types of embroidery stitches

These are simply mandatory and as such you will have to master them before your next project. Let’s check them out.

Types of Embroidery Stitches

1. Running stitches

This is an essential stitch that is commonly considered as the origin of all others. This means that it is the first one you will have to learn. Luckily, it is one of the simple types of embroidery stitches used today.

As you shall see, it looks like the thread is ‘‘running ‘’, it consists of separate segments.

2. Back stitch

It is used for creating boundaries and when you want to link two or more pieces of fabric. The name back stitch is used due to the fact it is visible on the opposite side than the one you are working.

3. Split stitch

This type is similar to the previous one. You will use it when you want to implement trees, shapes, and animals on the fabric. You will need to use short parts to get the best visual design.

4. French Knots

In order to create this stitch, you will need to pull a thread, roll it around a needle no more than 3 times and push the needle back. It creates a unique knot that has been very popular in the world of embroidery and it is one of the best-looking.

french knot and stem stitch

French knot and Stem stitch. Photo: TNSE ruby tlr

5. Stem stitch

A stem stitch is one of a kind, although we can add that it looks a bit like a split stitch. It has moves that are designed to look like waves, so one is upper and the second is lower. This type is used for creating vintage motives and for vines. In addition, it is one of the most popular types out there.

6. Damask stitch

Damask stitch is also known as satin stitch and it is used to cover a bigger area of fabric. For instance, when you want to cover a part of the tree. You will need to complete it by using back or split stitch.

7. Chain stitch

A chain stitch is used when you want to create something that looks like a chain, therefore it has links. This is actually the oldest stitch of them all and it has been used since the ancient times.

8. Lazy daisy

Lazy daisy is created by using a large loop that it then held in place with a small stitch. This form of stitching is used for making flowers, leaves and etc. It is probably the best-looking of them all.

9. Feather stitch

This type of stitch is developed in England, 100 years ago. It is similar to the chain stitch and it can be implemented on any of the fabric sides. It looks great and it is very appealing to create it.

10. Moss stitch

Seed stitch, also known as a moss stitch is used for the edges of the fabric. It consists of several, unlinked stitches and it looks fantastic. You can use it horizontally and vertically and it will still look perfect.

11. Couching

This is a complex stitch. It consists of two colors. The primary color is of the main yarn which is laid on the fabric. It is held in place with another yard, which can be of the same or opposite color. For the best effect, use different colors.

12. Blanket stitch

If you have a thick material and you want to reinforce its edges, you will use a blanket stitch. It is purpose-developed for this specific action and it was commonly used on blankets, hence the name.

13. Whip stitch

Whip stitch is used to link two pieces of fabric, which have flat edges. It can be visible or hidden, as you like.

14. Ladder stitch

It has several points that has to be linked together. The purpose is to repair damages by using stitching that is almost invisible.

15. Laced running stitch

You will start with a running stitch, which will be linked with another one that goes up and under the first one, like a wave.


With these stitches, you will be able to create impressive designs. These types of embroidery stitches are the foundation of any project and should be mastered as soon as possible.

See also: Best Embroidery Thread